Embracing Inclusion and Liberation in Disaster Risk Reduction: A Path Forward

Monica Sanders
3 min readFeb 13, 2024
Pan-African Imagery, U.S. Black History Month

As we observe Black History Month in the United States, it’s a poignant moment to delve into the historical context that has profoundly influenced our understanding of inclusion and liberation. The struggles for civil rights and equity have left an indelible mark on our nation, compelling us to recognize the pivotal role these principles play in all aspects of society. In the intersection of technology, disaster risk reduction, and social justice, embracing inclusion and liberation is not merely a moral imperative; it stands as a strategic necessity for building resilient and equitable communities.

Historical Context and Black History Month: Black History Month offers a significant opportunity to reflect on the historical injustices endured by marginalized communities, particularly Black communities. From the enduring legacy of redlining to the insidious effects of environmental racism, these historical patterns have often exacerbated the impact of disasters on vulnerable populations. Recognizing this historical context is crucial as we navigate the complex landscape of technology, disaster risk reduction, and social justice.

Inclusion in Disaster Risk Reduction: In the field of disaster risk reduction, inclusion transcends mere acknowledgment of diversity; it necessitates a deliberate effort to incorporate marginalized voices in decision-making processes. Vulnerable communities, often disproportionately affected by disasters, should be active participants in shaping policies and strategies that directly impact them. This inclusive approach not only respects their agency but also contributes to the development of more effective and culturally sensitive risk reduction measures.

Liberation Through Technology: Technology, wielded responsibly, possesses the transformative power to liberate communities from the shackles of vulnerability. However, this liberation holds meaning only when it extends to all members of society. An expansive definition of technology, one that encompasses Indigenous knowledge and practices not solely reliant on digital infrastructure, broadens our understanding and ensures that the benefits of technological advancements are accessible to diverse communities.

The Intersectionality of Challenges: Disasters seldom occur in isolation; they intersect with pre-existing social, economic, and racial inequalities. Inclusive disaster risk reduction acknowledges these intersections and seeks solutions that address the root causes of vulnerability. Whether it’s recognizing the impact of climate change on migration and food security or considering the influence of social media and youth in communication, a holistic approach is essential for comprehensive and equitable solutions.

Educational Empowerment: Empowering communities through education is a cornerstone of inclusive disaster risk reduction. By fostering tech and data literacy, particularly in the context of climate change, we equip communities with the tools to understand, adapt, and respond effectively to evolving challenges. This educational empowerment becomes a catalyst for self-sufficiency and resilience, enabling communities to actively participate in their risk-reduction strategies.

The Role of Liberation in Policy: True liberation is not confined to providing aid after a disaster; it necessitates dismantling the systems that perpetuate vulnerability. In the policy realm, this involves challenging existing power structures, advocating for equitable resource distribution, and dismantling discriminatory practices. Liberation in disaster risk reduction requires a sustained commitment to justice that extends far beyond immediate crisis response, seeking to rectify systemic injustices.

Conclusion: As we traverse the intricate terrain of disaster risk reduction and technology, Black History Month serves as a poignant reminder of the ongoing struggle for justice and equity. By centering inclusion and liberation in our approaches, we not only honor this historical legacy but also forge a path toward a more resilient and just future. Inclusion and liberation must stand as the guiding principles shaping our technological advancements and disaster response strategies, ensuring that no community is left behind in the pursuit of a more equitable and resilient world.



Monica Sanders

Founder, The Undivide Project (www.theundivideproject.org); Activist-Scholar; Professor@Georgetown; Senior Fellow, Tulane Disaster Resilience Leadership Academy